Report on a symposium sponsored by
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
in partnership with the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation


"We need to make the career that most of us love more flexible and more humane. We want the professoriate to remain the greatest profession,
so that it attracts our best and brightest to educate the students we leave behind and, after them, our grandchildren."

— Margaret Miller, Change magazine


Over the past two decades, a lively discussion about the work and life of faculty has taken shape. A first set of issues, prompted in part by the work of The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, focuses on changing faculty roles and rewards in keeping with an expanded conception of scholarly work. A second set of issues, pursued through research and action projects funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, focuses on the balance between faculty work and life.

On March 16-17, 2006, the Carnegie Foundation, in partnership with the Sloan Foundation, hosted a meeting to bring these two conversations together and explore the implications for professional development.

pdf Symposium Agenda (PDF)

pdf Symposium Participants (PDF)

video Pat Hutchings on the genesis of the meeting (video, 7 minutes)


Often the conversation about faculty work and workplace issues revolves around questions of balance. Mary Taylor Huber, in the opening symposium panel, reflects on the various forms that balance can take in an academic career. Huber is the author of Balancing Acts: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Academic Careers.

video Mary Taylor Huber on the idea of balance (video, 5 minutes)

Lee Shulman


Carnegie Foundation president Lee S. Shulman has spent much of his career studying the professional development of educators. In these remarks concluding the first day of the symposium, he reflects on changes in the faculty career, responsibility for student learning, issues of balance in the lives of students, and the role of imbalance as a source of faculty creativity and excellence.

video Lee Shulman on faculty careers (video, 14 minutes)


video Eugene Rice on engagement with the community (video, 1 minute)

video Michele Marincovich on an expanded notion of teaching (video, 1 minute)

video David Leslie on the difference between work and career (video, 40 seconds)

video Carol Colbeck on a day in the life of a chemistry professor (video, 3 minutes)

video Tomas Galguera on disciplinary differences (video, 1 minute)

video Michele Marincovich on faculty members as managers (video, 1 minute)


This set of six principles drawn from discussion at the March 16-17 symposium reflects a broad understanding of professional development, encompassing the full trajectory of the academic career from graduate education through retirement, and serving both full- and part-time faculty, with and without tenure-track positions. As academic careers become more complex and more varied, and as faculty roles and responsibilities expand, the importance of a creative, sustained commitment to the ongoing learning and growth of faculty becomes ever more important.

Six principles for professional development

  1. Begin in college and intensify in graduate school.
  2. Provide flexibility for work-and-life issues throughout the academic career.
  3. Recognize, develop, and reward multiple talents and contributions.
  4. Foster long-term planning and preparation.
  5. Cultivate leadership throughout faculty careers.
  6. Strengthen networks that encourage learning.

pdf Download the full "Principles of Good Practice ... " document (PDF)


external link AAC&U Conference on Faculty Work and the New Academy, November 2006

external link $1.3 Million awards program on innovative policies and practices in faculty career flexibility, funded by the Sloan Foundation

external link Special issue of Academe on faculty workplace issues

pdf An Agenda for Excellence: Creating Flexibility in Tenure-Track Faculty Careers, recommendations from the American Council on Education (PDF)

pdf Selected Resources On Faculty Work And Workplace Issues: An Annotated List (PDF)


To cite this report, including the Principles document, use the following information:

"Professional Development for a Changing Academy: Report on a Symposium sponsored by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in partnership with the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation." By Pat Hutchings, Mary Taylor Huber, and Chris M. Golde. September 2006. A report prepared for The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Stanford, CA.

This report was released in conjunction with "Integrating Work and Life: A Vision for a Changing Academy", a Carnegie Perspectives essay, September 2006.

Note: Video clips on this report require the free Quicktime plugin.